10 Best Programming Languages For Web Development

The need for web development is highly crucial in the IT industry, as is the demand for proficient web developers. The sector has evolved majorly over the years, and present-day web design is now more engaging, valuable, and complex for global audiences. 

Today, interactive, dynamic websites have replaced flat-text, static websites, and every business should have a strong digital presence to flourish. However, owing to the ever-changing web development sector, new programming frameworks and languages are emerging each year. 

With more than 700 web development programming languages available at present, you may likely wonder which is the best one. In this article, we will explore the ten top programming languages you must know about.

The Ten Best Web Development Programming Languages


Python is a most popular programming language that’s broadly used in website development. It’s highly regarded for its flexibility, readability, and simplicity. Python can be utilized for ML (Machine Learning), creating web apps, data analysis, and more. This makes it an excellent choice when looking to hire Python developer for versatile projects. Besides, this versatile language works not just for simple projects but also for complete software programs.

Key Features:

  • Supportive and large community
  • Huge set of frameworks and libraries 
  • Easy to write and read


As per a 2023 Stack Overflow survey, JavaScript has remained the most widely used programming language for eleven consecutive years. You can use this client-side programming language for front-end web development, like developing web pages. Besides, you can also use it for back-end web development, like creating server-side web apps. 

JavaScript is simple and highly flexible, making it a popular choice for several modern web apps. 

Key Features:

  • Simple to use and learn
  • Supports functional programming 
  • Enables the creation of responsive and interactive web apps


Ruby is a great programming language for front-end as well as back-end development. It’s intuitive, robust, and user-friendly, making it a preferred choice for small businesses and start-ups. Moreover, you can use Ruby with popular frameworks, like Ruby on Rails to build several web products, including websites, web apps, and more. 

Key Features:

  • Elegant, simple, and clear syntax
  • Large and established community
  • Good for prototyping and rapid development


This scripting language is used for delivering dynamic, simple, and secure web apps and websites. Most popular websites like Drupal, Etsy, and Wikipedia, use PHP. Besides, it supports all important 3rd party extensions, like MySQL, Apache, etc, which makes it easy to utilize PHP as a link between sites and other related services. 

Key Features:

  • Easy to embed with HTML tags and scripts
  • Compatible with several web databases and servers
  • Good for development speed


Swift is the most commonly used web programming language in the iOS/Apple ecosystem. However, it is widely being applied in other web products as well owing to its safety features and speed. Swift helps you enhance UX for various Apple products and offers API and libraries in this respect. 

Moreover, it can be easily integrated with famous iOS frameworks, like Vapor and Perfect, making your effort more seamless. 

Key Features:

  • Suitable for development of complex and large web apps
  • Simple syntax makes reading it easy
  • Supports localization testing, UI testing, and accessibility testing


Java is a secure, platform-independent, and general-purpose programming language developed by Oracle. It has ruled the software development sector for several years. And continues to be among the most widely used web programming languages owing to its universal usability. You can write easily write code using the language for any device virtually. 

Key Features:

  • Supports effective architecture neutrality, memory management, etc
  • Handles multiple threads with ease
  • Entirely based on object-oriented web programming concept


These are object-oriented, general-purpose programming languages that were developed in the 70s. Despite being old, C/C++ is extremely useful. Developers use this C-derived coding language to develop an array of products, from simple software to a complete operating system. In fact, Java is also a descendant of the C or C++ programming family.

Key Features:

  • Never permits unsafe typecasting
  • Offers robustness, interoperability, and scalability
  • Highly suited for mobile and game app development


Rust, developed by Mozilla Corporation, is mainly used for low-level system programming. It helps prevent memory-based errors, which can result in system crashes and unexpected code behavior. This server-side programming language is popular among developers owing to its performance and safety features. 

You can use Rust to create high-performance and secure web apps.  

Key Features:

  • Emphasizes memory-safe code
  • Secure and efficient
  • Speeds up the development process


Developed by Google, Go is an open-source programming language gaining immense popularity among web developers owing to its scalability and simplicity. It incorporates more or less a similar functionality to C/C++, excluding the complex learning curve and syntax. Besides, Go is the ideal language for building ML packages, web servers, and data pipelines.

Key Features:

  • Fast runtime
  • Concurrent and scalable
  • Easy to learn


The list of top programming languages for web development will be incomplete without TypeScript. It’s essentially a superset of the language JavaScript that extends static typing and other such options to its parent language. About 40 percent of developers use TypeScript as it helps speed development by detecting errors prior to runtime.

Moreover, you can use TypeScript for front-end as well as back-end development. Besides, TypeScript can work in any environment where JavaScript can run successfully.

Key Features:

  • If you know JavaScript, TypeScript is easy to learn 
  • Enhances code maintainability
  • Supports type-checking and static typing


Though there are more programming languages, these are the ten best ones to take on advanced and serious web development. However, choosing the right language will broadly depend on the particular requirements and complexity of your project. Hence, consider the benefits and features of each programming language and select the one that can help you develop exceptional web products.

Johnny McKinsey
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